Clinicians use different psychotherapy to treat anxiety disorders. Systematic desensitization is one of the therapies whose popularity in the psychologist community is to reduce the effectiveness of anxiety disorders. Therapy effectively reduces the symptoms of panic disorder and post-traumatic stress. The treatment became popular with remarkable effects on the reduction of the various types of phobias. In the case of phobia, the person will be very sensitive to any stimulation. For example, a person is phobic in dark places, so he develops sensitivity to such places. The purpose of this therapy is to reduce the sensitivity of annihilation to dark spots. In this way, a person will not feel anxiety when he looks at any dark place. The second important thing is that doctors systematically induce this desensitization.
There are two important things about therapeutic sessions. The first thing a clinician is accepting is relaxation techniques along with the main therapy. The second thing is that the clinician deletes the therapy in small steps (from the least fearful situation to the most fearful) and begins to attain the goal from the least step.
These things are no different. Relaxation techniques are systematically insensitive. It is equally important to understand that clinicians continue to undergo therapy in small steps. They never try to eliminate the phobias in a single ill-treatment. There are other psychotherapies that focus on the elimination of symptoms when exposed to a sudden burden of sudden pacing. These methods are called flood methods, but clinicians do not recommend such methods as they cause potential harm to the individual. At the beginning of therapy, the clinician lists the provocative situation of fear. The clinician has no authority to decide which case is threatening his client. He makes this list based on client recommendations. The client himself verbalizes, which is the most threatening and the least threatening. The list of fears of customers can be realized in systematic desensitization in the form of a hierarchy
We will take the example of a person who is afraid of dark places, his hierarchy may include the following steps:
1) The dark place (this is the least fearful situation).
2) You feel frightened when you come out of your home and you have the opportunity to confront any dark place.
3) Feels frustrated when it is in a dark place.
4) You feel frightened when you are in a dark place.
5) You feel frustrated when you have to stay in the dark for at least five minutes (this is the most frightening situation).
When a clinician starts therapy, he starts with the slightest fear Provocation (Fear when he is in dark space think). The clinician asks the client to imagine the situation. When the client can imagine the situation, he is automatically worried. At this point, the clinician introduces relaxation techniques through verbalization and deep breathing. The clinician asks the client to relax the body parts one by one. He reports to the customer "Now tighten your arms and then loosen them". In this way, the clinician controls the stretching and relaxation of different parts of the body. You acknowledge the same procedure for all the steps in the hierarchy. The client must practice these steps again and again. In this way, the client becomes habitual during rest in a variety of fearful situations. Finally, the clinician asks the client to imagine the most frightening situation (stay in the dark for at least five minutes), and when the client gets nervous, he asks her to relive the relaxation techniques. In this way, systematic desensitization eliminates the individual's phobia.